In modern era very few people are blessed with naturally perfect skin. Many people today are living in cities, constantly exposed to dirt and pollution, pursuing high speed ,tension producing life, use of many beauty products, detergent, use of polyester clothes, chemical insecticides, pesticides, industrial pollution etc. due to these factors skin disorders may cause. Ultraviolet rays harmful for our healthy skin it does not only affect to the outer layer but also affect to the inner layer of body. And in other aspects of skin disorders, unhealthy diet, not proper management of time, sleep, stress, medicines etc.by which skin is affected. Smoking and Alcohol drinking is second most factor affection skin. They can raise acne, rashes and irritations on the body. The climate factor also affects the skin.
In the Ayurvedic Compendiums “samhitas” number of Skin conditions “Cham roga” are mentioned which shows the importance of skin. Various treatment for Skin conditions and its effective prevention and treatments have been mentioned with focus on Food, Diets and lifestyle science along “Pathya ahara” and healthy daily habits “Dincharya.
Following daily healthy habits such as diet, compatible exercise, yoga like Pranayam, Sun Salutation “Suryanamaskar” are the ideal treatment in skin disorder. It is very important of elimination of accumulation of toxic in the body.
The Ayurvedic approach to caring of skin will help us to maintain a good skin and is considered as best, safer and effective.
When skin care is mentioned in the review of Ayurveda, we are not speaking about market driven ideal of the movement. Ayurveda, the ‘science of longevity’, promotes health and long life. This science first recorded around 2500 year ago. Ayurveda although ancient science fits quite well into modern models of natural medicine, approach with a broad view of the complete health incorporating the physical, emotional and spiritual.
Ayurveda teaches that health is maintained by the balance of three subtle energies, known as Vata, Pitta and Kapha. According to Susruta one of the two fathers of Ayurveda states that irregularity in diet or in daily routine; such as
- consuming heavy “tamasic” food,
- contraindicated and unsuitable foods;
- taking meals before the previous meal has been digested o
- taking of unwholesome indulgence in exercise or in sexual intercourse after ingesting fatty foods
- after having undergone emesis, taking of bath habitually while still feeling hot
- Consuming food right after exposure to the sun or after physical exertion
- Consuming food right after forcible inhibition of vomiting of vomiting
All the above vitiates the two key dosha or bio energies; Pitta (fire)and Kapha (water) that further gets mixed up with Vata (air) and thus creating a mixed and aggravation of all the three doshas. These combined aggravated doshas afflicts the skin if left untreated. The process of skin conditions/disease is mainly caused by the combined dosha aggravation reaching the tissues and disturbing the balance and health of the tissues.
In Ayurvedic Compendiums “samhitas” there are various skin conditions “Cham roga” mentioned which indicates the wisdom, the importance of skin and effective treatment of skin. Some skin conditions mentioned in Charak Samhita, from a modern view point can be co-related “Mahakustha” as Leprosy and “Kshudrakushta” as other & general skin diseases. This also indicates that disease of the skin was and still is a common occurrence.
IMPORTANCE OF DIET AND SELECTION OF FOOD ACCORDING TO DOSHA
When the Rishis “researchers of ancient times” wrote/spoke about diet, they were living in a simple, less polluted world. Times have changed and many issues need consideration when addressing diet. The suggestions that follow are not necessary traditional, but are in keeping with the spirit of Ayurveda. According to Ayurveda, it is the perfect digestion and assimilation of our food together with the regular and efficient evacuation of wastes that is essential for skin. Any food, no matter how perfect, that is improperly digested forms toxic wastes that “Ama”. Once formed, Ama then enters the bloodstream, blockage in vital channel and accumulating in sites where energy is lowest and the body thus most vulnerable.
The attention given to treating people as individuals is one of the greatest gifts of the Ayurvedic approach to health. This is particularly evident in the selection of one’s optimum diet. Ayurveda honors what was basically worked as the most life sustaining foods and food proportion for humans over the course of history; a diet specific type of each food and proportion being in accordance with dosha dominance. Ayurvedic diets listed high in whole grain ,fiber rich food, low in fat, low in refined sugar, high in mineral, rich in vegetable protein, low in salt ,high in fresh organic foods. All contributes to a radiant, rich glow on face and skin in general.
COMMON HERBs FOR SKIN
Some of the important single herbs recorded in various Ayurvedic literatures in the treatment of skin diseases.
- Kumari or Aloe veraThe peels of the plant are removed, and remaining part is made into paste and applied on face.
- Nimb or Neem (Azatiracta indica) Fresh juice of whole herb for drink or its paste applied on skin.
- Haridra or Turmeric(Curcuma longa) The paste of Haridra is used as antiseptic in skin condition.
Vaidya.Gaurang Joshi, B.A.M.S.